A few centuries ago, physical evidence for an all-powerful God seemed everywhere in the Western world. After all, how else could one explain the existence of our bountiful Earth at the center of an awe-inspiring cosmos, with planets and stars circling Earth in perfect God-like circles? . . Then came modern science and over the last 400 years essentially all of the “proofs” for God’s existence turned out either to be false or to have quite natural explanations. All of the relevant scientific evidence—from astrophysics, to our evolution, to the biochemistry of life, strongly supported the thesis that there never were any gods in the first place, . .